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Shock is a failure to the circulatory system where the vital organs are not getting enough oxygenated blood. The body begins to shut down to get as much blood back to the vital organs

3 Signs and Symptoms of Shock are....

Pale, Cold and Clammy skin

If the casualty is pale what should you do?

Treat the cause and “RAISE THE TAIL”… ( Raise the Legs if safe to do so) This takes the blood back to the vital organs

If in Shock can we give them food or drink? A sweet tea maybe?

No, we can moisten the lips but no food or drink as it may delay an operation if required.

Common causes include:



Heart Attack


  • Pale, cold, clammy skin
  • Sweating
  • Rapid weak pulse
  • Rapid shallow breathing
  • Nausea
  • Thirst


  • Treat the cause of shock
  • Lay the casualty down on the floor
  • Elevate and support the legs ( If Pale raise the Tail) as long as not head or chest conditions!
  • Reassure the casualty
  • Keep the casualty warm
  • Dial 999 / 112 for an ambulance
  • Nil by mouth

This guidance is great but no substitute for a practical First Aid course.

We teach Shock training in more detail on the following courses.

TQUK Level 3 Award in Emergency First Aid at Work

TQUK Level 3 Award in Paediatric First Aid

TQUK Level 3 Award in Emergency Paediatric First Aid

TQUK Level 3 Award in First Aid at Work


To book any course NDA First Aid Training Ltd offer simply click here

You can also contact us in the following ways:

Telephone: 01494 958547