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Broken Bones

Broken Bones

Lots of people have suffered broken bones whether it be a finger, arm, leg or toe.

Bones fracture as a result of: Direct force or Indirect force


Can you explain the difference between an open and closed fracture?

A closed fracture is still in the skin. An open fracture has broken the skin and you may be able to see the bone.

Should you move a fracture?

No. We should keep the fracture still, preventing any further damage.

The only time you would move a limb is if its fingers or collar bone. We elevate the limb by placing the arm across the chest reducing blood flow to the fingers and weight barring on the collar bone. ( Only if safe to do so)

Whats an easy way to remember how to treat a broken bone?


Support, Immobilise and Protect

Common causes include:

Sporting activity

Accidents/ Falls

Direct or indirect force

Heavy object falling onto a limb


  • Pain at the site of the injury
  • Loss of power
  • Unnatural movement
  • Swelling
  • Difficulty moving the limb
  • Irregularity
  • Crepitus
  • Tenderness and possible signs of shock
breaks 2


  • Immobilise and support the injured limb in the most comfortable position for the casualty.
  • This may or may not involve the use of slings & bandages.
  • Treat the casualty for shock (or its prevention)
  • Call 999 / 112 for an ambulance.

This guidance is great but no substitute for a practical First Aid course.

We teach broken bones in more detail on the following courses.

TQUK Level 3 Award in Paediatric First Aid

TQUK Level 3 Award in First Aid at Work


To book any course NDA First Aid Training Ltd offer simply click here

You can also contact us in the following ways:

Telephone: 01494 958547