This is bright red and spurts out as the heart pumps.
A bleed can be life-threatening. If we lose too much blood our vital organs will not get the oxygenated blood required and our body shuts down going into shock.
What colour is a bleed from an artery?
Someone is bleeding and going pale, cold and clammy. What is happening?
The Casualty is going into shock
How can you recognise a bleed from a vein?
The blood is dark red and gushes out.
Types of wound include:
Puncture – Stabbing Wound
Contusion – Bruise
Abrasion – Graze
Laceration – Rip or tear
Incision – Clean cut
Velocity – Bullet or missile
Types of bleed:
- Arterial: Bright Red Blood. A wound to a major artery could result in blood ‘spurting’ several metres and blood volume will reduce rapidly.
- Venous: Dark Red Blood. A wound to a vein could result in blood ‘gushing’ profusely out of the wound, blood volume will still reduce quickly.
- Capillary: Bleeding from capillaries occurs in all wounds and can be described as ‘oozing’
- Step 1. Apply direct pressure on the wound
- Step 2. Consider Elevating if no further pain
- Step 3. Sit or lay the casualty down ( Treat for Shock)
- Step 4. Apply an additional dressing if necessary
- Step 5. Call 999/112 if bleeding is severe, casualty shows signs of shock or if in doubt.
This guidance is great but no substitute for a practical First Aid course.
We teach Bleeding and bandaging training on the following courses.